It is clear that human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death. Though the basic rights are based on values like dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence; human rights are defined and protected by law.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 affirms that every person regardless of religion, race, gender or nationality possesses the right to life, liberty, security, equal protection of the law and freedom of thought, speech and religion. The declaration equally provides moral norms for how people should be treated in international law and national constitutions.

In Nigeria, the government in order to promote and protect people’s fundamental human right established National Human Right Commission (NHRC). This commission always sort to create an enabling environment for the promotion, protection and enforcement of human right.

However, it is quite unfortunate that despite the effort made by the government to keep the human right in place, this right has at various times being violated. Women, men and children live in constant fear of being murdered, abducted, persecuted, tortured and unlawful detention. It is most disheartening that child trafficking, violence against women, sexual harassment, early marriage, child labour, rape, war crimes and insurgence, among others has constituted as part of human right violation.

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For instance, people’s right to life is no longer guaranteed as many Nigerians have been rendered homeless and some killed since the domination of terrorist. Let us not be in a hurry to forget about the herdsmen/farmers clashes which had led to numerous deaths of people as well. More so the issue of rape is still rearing its ugly head this present day. Various time cases of rape appear on the TV screen and newspaper headlines breaching the fundamental human right.

Also, the right to religion is another disturbing issue in Nigeria. Every now and then we witness the burning down of Christian churches by group of terrorist. People now live in fear of going to their place of worship. Just like the apostles of Jesus Christ were persecuted for their faith in the olden days, the rebirth of persecution in this present day has taken so many to an early grave and others denouncing their faith. It is so alarming that some people are not enjoying some of this fundamental human right as citizens.

The need to eliminate this violation of human right is important to protect and promote human rights. Therefore the government should put human rights at the top of its agenda and as well intercede with peacekeeping forces to states where freedom of religion and life is not guaranteed to protect human rights. Violators of the human rights should be diligently prosecuted to serve as a deterrent to others. If this is properly done, it will foster love, unity and peace in the country.

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Miriam Odoh

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